Fake News: Begreb eller angreb?

Studenteropgave: Speciale

  • Hans Worch Bagge
Speciale, Kandidatuddannelsen
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the public debate about fake news to elucidate different understandings and uses of the notion, and to debate the consequences of a potential misleading. There are two hypotheses behind this thesis. The first is that a simple factual mistake from a normally trustworthy source has a greater impact than an intentional deceitful ludicrous assertion from an unknown source on the Internet. Secondly that there were variations in the use of the notion fake news in the public debate. Both are confirmed, and even though a factual fault has a greater risk of causing belief because people aren’t critical enough when they read their normal newspaper and are likely to believe a story if they agree with the content, the possible consequences of far out troll story are dire. These intentional deceitful stories have the potential to make the society shiver because they cause distrust to the media. When the media lose their credibility, they also lose their power as watchdog for the citizens. In the end eight different main uses are found, and the way they understand fake news differs, and the potential for deceit is also diverse. It is also argued that in a lot of cases it would be beneficial to talk about either misinformation or disinformation when people wants to describe misleading, because it’s seldom news related. If fake news is used to describe intentional disinformations, which imitate real journalism, then misinformation and disinformation can be used to describe other kinds of misleadingness. The benefit of this would be, that it would be clearer for everyone what was being discussed, when the solution for the problem with fake news are debated, because it is impossible to solve a problem if there isn’t consensus about what problem is at hand.
Udgivelsesdato1 aug. 2018
Antal sider74


  • Fake news, Vildledning, Misinformation, Disinformation